Kennedy Space Center, 2002


Ch 1 Benchmark Exercise
Standard Extra Credit Assignment
Ch3 Benchmark Test
Ch4 Benchmark test
Ch5 Benchmark Test
Chapter 6 Benchmark Test
Ch 7 Benchmark Test
KSC Information Letter
Ch 8 Benchmark Test
Ch9 Benchmark Quiz
Ch10&11 Benchmark Test
Ch 12,13,14 Benchmark Quiz
12-16 & 25 Benchmark review
Ch 25 Benchmarks
EOC Benchmark Review Sheet
First half review
Final Cram Session - Workbook Based review
Benchmark Final Test
Ch 3-9 Study Guide
EOC Practice
Ch 17 Benchmark Quiz
It looks like a few folks are still using this info, so I will leave it up.  Enjoy!!

Congrats on completing your EOC Exam.  I hope that you are having a wonderful end of year, and that you are eager to move on to the 8th grade.  All my best!
Mr. Williams

Greetings my students!  Well, I have retired, but I thought I would post my website resources for the year.  These are for personal use only, and should be studied as you work through each chapter.  Around Spring Break you should start working through the various EOC/review pages I have posted and start watching the videos to which I have provided links.  Study these, and you will do well!
Check out the following resources available in the apple app store:

mcgraw-hill k-12 eflashcards for a study tool

I hope you are all doing well, and the you are proud of your History Fair projects!

For Final Review: 
Excellent Review Videos - There are 4 (this is a link to #1) Watch them all!
Civics Naturalization Test Flash Cards -

Civics Naturalization Test - 

Study every night!

Notes are due on boldfaced words.  Students should write the word and then

1. What it is/definition.
2. Why it is important. 

Students will be tested by the county and state on end-of-course exams on all unit benchmarks for the year, so extra effort needs to go into learning and remembering this information all year (and beyond).

Ch 17 Benchmarks-This will probably be covered after the EOC, so dont worry about it until then!

Market economy

Mixed economy

Command Economy

Relationship of economic type to the type of government in a country

Supply & Demand (graph)







Wants and Needs

Opportunity cost

Ch 15/16 Benchmarks-Also review the benchmarks for Ch25 in the downloads!

Identify sources and types of law (civil, criminal, constitutional, military).pp415-417

  • Due Process
  • Search Warrant
  • Exclusionary rule
  • Miranda Warnings
  • Double Jeopardy
  • Bail

Diagram the levels, functions, and powers of the courts at the state and federal levels.

Ch 12&13&14 Benchmarks

Examine the impacts of media, individuals, and interest groups on monitoring and influencing government.

Analyze media and political communications




1 Bandwagon

2 Glittering Generalities

3 Name Calling

4 Plain Folks

5 Card Stacking

6 Testimonial

7 Transfer

Develop a plan to resolve a state or local problem by:

Researching public policy alternatives

Identifying appropriate government agencies to address the issue

1 State Secretary of State oversees elections

2 State Attorney General oversees legal disputes

3 State Commissioner of Education oversees the public schools

Determining a course of action

Examine multiple perspectives on public and current issues.

Identify the relationship and division of powers between the federal government and the state government (p.356).

Illustrate the law making process at the state local and federal levels.

Compare the U.S. and State Constitutions, and those of different states (p.359).

Differentiate between local, state, and federal governments’ obligations and services.

Identify sources and types of law (civil, criminal, constitutional, military).pp415-417

Examine multiple perspectives on public and current issues.

Differentiate between local, state, and federal governments’ obligations and services.

State constitutions – 3 branches

County Governments – Council/manager, commission, Sheriff

City Government – incorporation, ordinances, mayor, police

Townships and town meetings as direct democracy

Ch 10/11 Benchmarks

Identify America’s current political parties and illustrate their ideas about governments:

Republican (Tea?)




Various others

Party Platforms

Evaluate Candidates for office by analyzing their qualifications, experience, issue based platforms, debates, and political ads

Mock Election



Polling Place (precinct)


Electoral College

Popular Vote


Chapter 9 Benchmarks:

Analyze the structure, function, sanctions, and processes of the Judicial Branch

  See below, plus
  Federal judges and Justices are appointed by the President and confirmed by the U.S. Senate and serve for life - they can be impeached
     (states are usually elected for a term)

Diagram the levels, functions, and powers of the courts at the federal / state levels.

   Levels- trial, appeals, Supreme (U.S. - District Courts, Circuit Courts of Appeal, Supreme Court)
   Function - hears cases involving Federal law / State law
   Powers - U.S. Constitution and Federal laws / state constitution and state laws  (U.S. Supreme Court can hear appeals of state supreme 
    court cases)

Illustrate the powers established in Articles 1, 2, and 3 of the Constitution.
     Jurisdiction - original/appellate and exclusive/concurrent
     Judicial Review
     9 Justices

Analyze the following major court cases:

Marbury v Madison –1803- Judicial Review

Plessy v Ferguson – 1896 – Separate but equal

Brown v Board-1954 - Separate is not equal

Gideon v Wainwright- 1963- Counsel must be provided if you cannot afford it

Miranda v Arizona- 1966 – “Mirandized” prior to questioning

Tinker v Des Moines – 1969 – Student’s rights … armband protest

Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier – 1988 – censorship of school newspapers

United States v Nixon – 1974 – Nixon tapes/ Executive privilege

Bush v Gore – 2000 – vote counting dispute 

Re. Gault

Chapter 8 Benchmarks

Analyze the structure, function, and processes of the Executive Branch

1 Election Process

2 4 year term, elected twice, 10 year max

3 Salary and benefits

4 VP

5 Succession (VP, Speaker, Pre. ProTem, Cabinet starting with Sec. of State

6 Filling Vacancies

Illustrate the powers established in Articles 1, 2, and 3 of the Constitution.

1 Veto

2 Special Session

3 Commander in Chief

4 Represents U.S. to foreign leaders (Chief Diplomat)/Head of State

5 Negotiate Treaties (Senate approval)

6 Appointments (Senate approval) including Justices/Judges & Cabinet

7 Pardons

U.S. vs. Nixon

Ch7 Benchmarks

Analyze the structure, function, sanctions, and processes of the Legislative Branch.

  1. Bicameral – Senate and House of Representatives
  2. Terms – Senate (6 years) House (2)
  3. Districts – Senate =entire state for each of two Senators House= Drawn by State Legislature (minimum 1 per state, apportioned according to the state’s population in the last Census (gerrymandering?)
  4. Leadership – majority and minority leader and whip   Senate= V.P of U.S. (tiebreaker only) and President Pro Tempore  House= Speaker of the House
  5. Committee System (seniority)

Sanctions- writ of habeas corpus, bill of attainder, ex post facto

How a Bill becomes Law (p217)

Explain the Constitutional amendment process.

Illustrate the powers, structure and function established in Articles 1, 2, and 3 of the Constitution.

Powers= Enumerated(expressed), Implied (elastic clause), Lawmaking, Non-Legislative

See p. 204

Ch6 Benchmarks

Learn and discuss (evaluate) the rights contained in the Bill of Rights.

  • 1st- speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
  • 2nd- bear arms
  • 3rd-quartering
  • 4th-search and seizure
  • 5th-grand jury, double jeopardy, self incrimination, due process, eminent domain
  • 6th-speedy & public trial, impartial jury,  witnesses, counsel
  • 7th-jury trial for lawsuits over $20
  • 8th-excessive bail, no cruel or unusual punishment
  • 9th- not a complete list of rights
  • 10th- reserved powers

Learn and discuss (evaluate) the rights contained in the other amendments.

Analyze the impact of the following amendments on minority participation in government.

ü  13th- no slavery

ü  14- due process, voting rights

ü  15- more voting rights (race, color, previous servitude)

ü  19-women’s suffrage(right to vote)

ü  24-No poll taxes

ü  26- voting age is 18

Evaluate Constitutional Rights and their impact on individuals and society

Ch5 Benchmarks

Weakness in the Articles of Confederation = The Constitution being written

Interpret Intentions of the Preamble

Federalists and Anti-Federalists


                -Bill of Rights

“The Rule of Law”


                -Influence on American legal, political, and governmental systems

How (specifically) does the Constitution safeguard and limit individual rights

Analyze media and political communications

Division of powers between the national and state governments

The Constitutional amendment process

Constitutional rights and their impact on society

Ch4 Benchmarks 

The Enlightenment

Montesquieu – separation of power

John Locke – natural law and the social contract

Founding Fathers

How the following 4 influenced colonist’s views on government:

  1. Magna Carta
  2. English Bill of Rights
  3. Mayflower Compact
  4. Common Sense

The influence of physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and location (absolute and relative) have influenced settlement, economies,  and inter-governmental relations in North America.

Describe how English policies and responses to colonial concerns led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence.

Analyze the ideas (natural rights, role of government) and complaints in the Declaration of Independence.

Ch 3 Benchmarks

Direct (pure) democracy

Representative democracy (republic)






Citizen – Natural Born and Naturalized (method of becoming)

Obligations of citizens to

  1. Obey laws
  2. Pay taxes
  3. Defend the nation
  4. Serve on juries

Responsibilities of citizens at the local, state, and federal levels

Unit 1 Benchmarks:

  1. 50 states and capitals
  2. Locate territories and protectorates of the U.S.
  3. Use maps to identify the divisions and boundaries of North America
  4. Locate and identify major U.S. cultural landmarks
  5. Locate and identify major physical landmarks of the U.S.
  6. Understand the influences of physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and location (absolute and relative) on the settlement, economies, and government relations in North America.
  7. Understand the major cultural regions of North America.
  8. Use maps to determine the location, abundance, and variety of natural resources in North America.
  9. Examine and explain patterns of cultural diffusion in North America.
  10. Understand the importance and distribution of demographic characteristics in the U.S.
  11. Use a map to examine local issues of conservation and ecology.
  12. Use GIS or other technology to examine data about the U.S.

Go to http://nhd.org/CreatingEntry.htm for History Fair rules.

Ideas to remember:

Study notes from class and the book 20 minutes each night! Quizzes will be based on the boldface words in the text. Tests include information from all the chapter and class information, the most important of which is on the board.

Parents, please fill out a volunteer application if you wish to chaperone an upcoming field trip.  A copy of your volunteer  card will be required with the field trip form.

Important Upcoming Events!

Watch here for dates of upcoming field trips and other out-of-school activities.

Stargazing on Friday evenings...tba

Awesome earthquake website:

Check out these websites for astronomy information:
>Picture of the Day
Robotic Telescope You Control


History Fair Information

Contact me with questions or comments.