Notes are due on boldfaced words. Students should write the word and then
1. What it is/definition.
2. Why it is important.
Students will be tested by the county and state on end-of-course exams on all unit benchmarks for the year, so extra effort needs to go into learning and remembering this information all year (and beyond).
Chapter 7 Benchmarks
Analyze the structure, function, sanctions, and processes of the Legislative Branch.
- Bicameral – Senate and House of Representatives
- Terms – Senate (6 years) House (2)
- Districts – Senate =entire state for each of two Senators House= Drawn by State Legislature (minimum 1 per state, apportioned according to the state’s population in the last Census (gerrymandering?)
- Leadership – majority and minority leader and whip Senate= V.P of U.S. (tiebreaker only) and President Pro Tempore House= Speaker of the House
- Committee System (seniority)
Sanctions- writ of habeas corpus, bill of attainder, ex post facto
How a Bill becomes Law (p217)
Explain the Constitutional amendment process.
Illustrate the powers, structure and function established in Articles 1, 2, and 3 of the Constitution.
Powers= Enumerated(expressed), Implied (elastic clause), Lawmaking, Non-Legislativ
See p. 204
Chapter 6 Benchmarks
Learn and discuss (evaluate) the rights contained in the Bill of Rights.
· 1st- speech, religion, press, assembly, petition
· 2nd- bear arms
· 4th-search and seizure
· 5th-grand jury, double jeopardy, self incrimination, due process, eminent domain
· 6th-speedy & public trial, witnesses, counsel
· 7th-jury trial
· 8th-excessive bail, no cruel or unusual punishment
· 9th- not a complete list of rights
· 10th- reserved powers
Learn and discuss (evaluate) the rights contained in the other amendments.
Analyze the impact of the following amendments on minority participation in government.
13th- no slavery
14- due process, voting rights
15- more voting rights (race, color, previous servitude)
19-women’s suffrage(right to vote)
24-No poll taxes
26- voting age is 18
Evaluate Constitutional Rights and their impact on individuals and society.
Chapter 5 Benchmarks
Identify how the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation led to the writing of the Constitution.
Weakness in the Articles of Confederation = The Constitution being written
Federalists and Anti-Federalists
-Bill of Rights
Interpret Intentions of the Preamble
“The Rule of Law”
-Influence on American legal, political, and governmental systems
How (specifically) does the Constitution safeguard and limit individual rights
Analyze media and political communications
Division of powers between the national and state governments
The Constitutional amendment process
Constitutional rights and their impact on society
Montesquieu – separation of power
John Locke – natural law and the social contract
How the following 4 influenced colonist’s views on government:
- Magna Carta
- English Bill of Rights
- Mayflower Compact
- Common Sense
The influence of physical characteristics, natural resources, climate, and location (absolute and relative) have influenced settlement, economies, and inter-governmental relations in North America.
Describe how English policies and responses to colonial concerns led to the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
Analyze the ideas (natural rights, role of government) and complaints in the Declaration of Independence.